Drug Addiction Rehab

This page on 101WaysToSave may seem out of place. However, I have seen several friends and associates deal with the terrible effects of drug adiction in their own families. I felt strongly to provide information of use in the area of drug addiction treatment programs. This page is dedicated to resources and information on drug addiction rehab. It provides general information about patterns of drug abuse, effective treatments as well as ddiction treatment options and programs.

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Resources come from the From the National Institute on Drug Abuse

There is not one single treatment is appropriate for all individuals who become addicted to drugs. Matching treatment settings, interventions, and services to each individual's particular situation and needs is critical to ultimate success in returning to productive functioning in the family, workplace, and society.

The treatment must be readily available. Individuals who become addicted to drugs may be uncertain about entering treatment, taking advantage of treatment opportunities when they are ready for change is crucial. Potential treatment applicants can be lost if treatment is not immediately available or is not readily accessible.
Effective treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his or her drug use. To be effective, treatment must address the individual's drug use and any associated medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal problems.

Remaining in treatment for a extended period of time is critical for treatment effectiveness. The appropriate leanght for an individual depends on his or her problems and needs. Research indicates that for most patients, the threshold of significant improvement is reached at about 3 months in treatment. After this level is reached, additional treatment can produce further progress toward recovery. Because people often leave treatment early, programs should include strategies to engage and keep patients in treatment.

An individual's treatment and services plan must be reviewed continually and changed as necessary to ensure that the plan meets the person's changing needs. An individual may require varying combinations of services and treatment components during the course of treatment and recovery. In addition to counseling or psychotherapy, a patient at times may require medication, other medical resources, family counceling, parenting instruction, vocational rehabilitation, and social and legal services. It is critical that the treatment approach be appropriate to the individual's age, gender, ethnicity, and culture.

Counseling (individual and/or group) and other social and behavioral therapies are critical components of effective treatment for addiction. In therapy, patients address issues of motivation, build skills to resist drug use, replace drug-using activities with constructive and rewarding nondrug-using activities, and improve problem-solving abilities. Behavioral therapy also facilitates interpersonal relationships and the individual's ability to function in the family and community. (Approaches to Drug Addiction Treatment section discusses details of different treatment components to accomplish these goals.)

Medications are an important element of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies. Methadone and levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) are very effective in helping individuals addicted to heroin or other opiates stabilize their lives and reduce their illicit drug use. Naltrexone is also an effective medication for some opiate addicts and some patients with co-occurring alcohol dependence. For persons addicted to nicotine, a nicotine replacement product (such as patches or gum) or an oral medication (such as bupropion) can be an effective component of treatment. For patients with mental disorders, both behavioral treatments and medications can be critically important.

Addicted or drug-abusing individuals with other mental disorders should have both disorders treated in an integrated way. Because addictive disorders and mental disorders often occur in the same individual, patients presenting for either condition should be assessed and treated for the co-occurrence of the other type of mental disorder.

Medical detoxification is only the first stage of an effective addiction treatment program. By itself it does little to change long-term drug use. Medical detoxification safely manages the acute physical symptoms of withdrawal associated with stopping drug use. While detoxification alone is rarely sufficient to help addicts achieve long-term abstinence, for some individuals it is a strongly indicated precursor to effective drug addiction treatment.

Treatment does not have to be voluntary to be effective. Strong motivation can facilitate the treatment process. Sanctions or enticements in the family, employment setting, or criminal justice system can increase significantly both treatment entry and retention rates and the success of drug treatment interventions.
Possible drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously. Lapses to drug use can occur during treatment. The objective monitoring of a patient's drug and alcohol use during treatment, such as through urinalysis or other tests, can help the patient withstand urges to use drugs. Such monitoring also can provide early evidence of drug use so that the individual's treatment plan can be adjusted. Feedback to patients who test positive for illicit drug use is an important element of monitoring.

Treatment programs should provide assessment for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases, and counseling to help patients modify or change behaviors that place themselves or others at risk of infection. Counseling can help patients avoid high-risk behavior. Counseling also can help people who are already infected manage their illness.

Recovery from drug addiction can be a long-term process and frequently requires multiple episodes of treatment. As with other chronic illnesses, relapses to drug use can occur during or after successful treatment episodes. Addicted individuals may require prolonged treatment and multiple episodes of treatment to achieve long-term abstinence and fully restored functioning. Participation in self-help support programs during and following treatment often is helpful in maintaining abstinence.

Drug Treatments vary in effectivness, and as stated above, each individual situation is different. The most important thing is to research your specific needs and take action. If we don't win this war, then it will consume the very foundation of our culture.

Another great resource on this topic is at Alcohol Treatment on HealthMBA.com.



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